So, what is a Fire Alarm system?...
A building will have a fire alarm system installed in order to protect LIFE, and to protect PROPERTY, in case of a fire situation arising. All systems basically work on the same principle, which is to detect smoke or heat via detectors, or if it is manually activated via a break glass point; the alarm then activates and sounds throughout the building to warn anyone in the building that there may be a fire situation and to evacuate, and depending on the standard of alarm, the Fire service may be called through the alarm company's central station.
Your fire alarm installation has to meet the requirements dictated by your building- a Fire Risk Assessment will determine this- as all installations need to meet regulations within the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005, as well as meet British Standards recommendations for non-domestic properties (BS 5839 pt1:2013) and domestic properties (BS 5839 pt6: 2013).
The two main types of Fire Alarm systems are commonly known as CONVENTIONAL and ADDRESSABLE systems...
In this type of system, call points, sounders and detectors are set in Zones (could be a fire compartment, a designated area of the building, even a whole floor) around the premises, which are then wired to a Fire Control Panel, which can then indicate and pinpoint which of these Zones has alerted, for example, "Zone 4 - Loading Bay", thus aiding the Fire Service who attend, and the building management. The number and size of Zones and circuits wired to the panel will give a greater "accuracy" in trying to determine where the fire has occurred.
Very similar to a Conventional system, but much more precise- the Fire Control Panel can see exactly which call point or detector has initiated the alarm. Each detector on the Detection Loop has its own "address", set by DIL switches within the detector, and this address or location will be accurately displayed on the alarm panel.
Generally, businesses are covered under Non-domestic properties, and fall under British Standard BS5839 Pt1, and come in 3 categories:
M Manual. These systems work by manual activation, so have no automatic fire detection.
LLife. These automatic fire detection systems are designed with the intention to protect LIFE, and come in five sub-categories, L1 through to L5, with a range of specific levels of protection and areas that are protected, depending on your business needs and type of premises, to give early warning of fire and enable people to exit the building safely via escape routes.
P Property. These are automatic fire detection systems designed with the intention of protecting PROPERTY, and come in two types, P1, where the system is installed throughout all areas of the building, and is meant to minimise the time between the start of a fire and the arrival of the Fire Service, and P2, where defined areas of the building are covered and gives earliest possible warning of fire in areas of greater fire hazard or risk to business continuity.
Spark-Risk are widely experienced in realising what level of Automatic Fire Detection businesses need, often following one of the many comprehensive Fire Risk Assessments we carry out for our clients. Our highly qualified electrical engineers can supply, install and service your fire alarm to meet current British Standards, and with compliance to the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005. We are committed to providing you with a friendly personal service, at a time that suits you and your business so as to cause minimal disruption to your business continuity. Our fire alarm services include the following:
Servicing of fire detection and an alarm system should be carried out at regular intervals, as recommended in the British Standard Code of Practice (BS5839-1:2013).
We can arrange a free survey of your premises to:
Guiding you from the start, Spark-Risk's expert Installation team will guarantee a smooth and trouble-free installation of your system. Our team will liaise with you every step of the way to allow for full integration and minimum disruption to your business. On completion, a full commissioning test will take place, with a comprehensive brief including demonstration to ensure that you're totally in control of your new system, and do't forget we're always available for further help once you're up and running.
To find out more information or book a survey, please CONTACT the Spark-Risk team on 07853 216740 or 0845 257 2275.